spain protectorate morocco

It began with a conflict over the borders of the Spanish city of Ceuta and was fought in northern Morocco. On April 7 of that ye… The Spanish Civil War started in 1936 with the uprising of the Spanish troops stationed in The southern strip represented the southernmost part of Morocco as recognized by the European powers: the territory to its south, Saguia el-Hamra, was recognized by France as an exclusively Spanish zone. The first years of the 20th century witnessed a rush of diplomatic maneuvering through w… It had obtained mining rights at Idem, Beni Sidel and Mazuza areas. The legal Islamic qadis system was formally maintained. The signing of the Treaty of Fez on March 30, 1912, ushering in the French Protectorate, was a mournful finale to Ê¿Abd al-Hafiz’s reign. The Protectorate system was established in 1912. Spanish Sahara, officially the Province of the Sahara between 1958 and 1976, was the name used for the modern territory of Western Sahara when it was occupied and ruled by Spain between 1884 and 1976. Morocco claims Ceuta and Melilla as integral parts of the country, considering them to be under foreign occupation, comparing their status to that of Gibraltar. Like Melilla, the best spots to see at this Spanish exclave in Morocco is the plazas. Spain was granted lands in the southwest region of the country as well as along the Mediterranean Coast in the North. and its neighbourhood (about oo sq.m.) 1912 - Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez, administered by a French Resident-General. As for the plazas de soberanía (Spanish name for various enclaves and islands on the northern Moroccan coast), they were gained in 16th–19th centuries, before the international agreements on the Protectorate. The 10 km Ferrocarril Tetuan - Rio Martin y prolongaciones was opened on 20 May 1915 for public service. The first years of the twenti… (From the caliph of the king of Morocco to the Conference of the Maghreb). Morocco sued for peace after the Spanish victory at the Battle of Tetuán. The earliest of these were established in the 11th century CE by the Italian Maritime republics; Spain and Portugal were the main European powers involved; both France and, briefly, England also had a presence. In February 1956, Morocco acquired limited home rule. Sultan Mohammed became king in 1957. The Spanish zone was completely autono… Spain and Her Moroccan Protectorate the strategic argument and the notion that Morocco was vital to Spain's international position. The treaty also recognized the Spanish enclave of Ifni and delimited its borders. The Spanish protectorate in Morocco was established on 27 November 1912 by a treaty between France and Spain that converted the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco into a formal protectorate. The Hispano-Moroccan War, also known as the Spanish–Moroccan War, the First Moroccan War, the Tetuán War, or, in Spain, as the African War, was fought from Spain's declaration of war on Morocco on 22 October 1859 until the Treaty of Wad-Ras on 26 April 1860. Their exploitation led to an economic boom in Melilla. As of 2020, Morocco still claims Ceuta and Melilla as integral parts of the country, and considers them to be under foreign occupation, comparing their status to that of Gibraltar. The Spanish protectorate consisted of a northern strip on the Mediterranean and the Strait of Gibraltar, and a southern part of the protectorate [2] around Cape Juby, bordering the Spanish Sahara. Spanish troops provisionally occupied Tangier during World War II, on the pretext that an Italian invasion was imminent. The question of the Ifni enclave in the south was also settled. The Treaty of Fes, was a treaty signed by Sultan Abd al-Hafid of Morocco under duress and French diplomat Eugène Regnault on 30 March 1912. While the sparsely populated Cabo Juby was administered as a single entity with Spanish Sahara, the northern territories of the Spanish zone of influence, consisting of the northern part of Morocco, except Ceuta, Melilla and Tangier, were administered as a protectorate with its capital at Tetuán (Tétouan). Its inhabitants are the Shilha from the Ait Baamrane tribe. The Republic of the Rif led by the guerrilla leader Abd El-Krim was a breakaway state that existed in the Rif region from 1921 to 1926, when it was dissolved by joint expedition of the Spanish Army of Africa and French forces during the Rif War. [3] The city of Tangiers was excluded from the Spanish protectorate and received a special internationally-controlled status as Tangier International Zone. The final act of the Algeciras Conference (7 April 1906) created the State Bank of Morocco, guaranteed the attending powers equal commercial rights in Morocco and created a native Moroccan police force led by French and Spanish officers. Spain finally ceded its southern zone through the Treaty of Angra de Cintra on 1 April 1958, after the short Ifni War. There was continuous unrest in the area and the Rif Cabyle rebels attacked the railways. In the 1958 Ifni War, which spread from Sidi Ifni to Río de Oro, Morocco gained Tarfaya (the southern part of the protectorate) [16] and reduced the Spanish control of the Ifni territory to the perimeter of the city itself. The border has existed purely in a de jure sense since Morocco's annexation of Western Sahara in 1975. Spain and Her Moroccan Protectorate 1898 - 1927 Show all authors. The Rif War was an armed conflict fought from 1920 to 1927 between the colonial power Spain and the Berber tribes of the Rif mountainous region of Morocco. [2] While the sparsely populated Cape Juby was administered as a single entity with Spanish Sahara, the northern territories were administered, separately, as a Spanish protectorate with its capital at Tetuán. The Spanish protectorate in Morocco was established on 27 November 1912 by a treaty between France and Spain that converted the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco into a formal protectorate.. The Spanish protectorate consisted of a northern strip on the Mediterranean and the Strait of Gibraltar, and a southern part of the protectorate around Cape Juby, bordering the Spanish … The Treaty of Angra de Cintra, signed by Spain and Morocco on 1 April 1958, ended the Spanish protectorate in Morocco and helped end the Ifni War. 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